Reality Check: Do You Have an Overactive Bladder?
- I use the bathroom more than 8 times during the day or 2 times at night
- When I go somewhere, the first thing I do is find the bathroom in case I have a sudden need to go
- I often have a sudden need to go with little or no warning
- When I have to go, I can’t ignore it
- I have wet myself because I can’t get to the bathroom in time
- I limit activities because of my bladder problems
If any of these describe you, talk to your doctor about your Overactive Bladder symptoms.
What are the symptoms of Overactive Bladder?
The term Overactive Bladder (OAB) is used to describe a collection of symptoms. A patient may have one or more of these symptoms. OAB symptoms include:
- A sudden, intense urge to urinate (urinary urgency), sometimes followed by the loss of urine (urge incontinence)
- Urinating more than 8 times daily or twice at night (urinary frequency)
What causes Overactive Bladder?
OAB is generally caused by bladder muscles that are overly sensitive or overactive. This overactivity is caused by damage to nervous system or to the nerves and muscles associated with bladder. While the cause of the nerve damage is often unidentified, it can result from Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinsons's Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, stroke or injury. The Overactive Bladder symptoms of urinary urgency, urinary frequency or urge incontinence may also be present in people with interstitial cystitis or post-radical prostatectomy.
How common is Overactive Bladder?
About 16% of the adult population have one or more of these symptoms.1
How is Overactive Bladder treated?
First, you will need to be evaluated for Overactive Bladder. Your doctor may take your medical history, test your bladder function and ask you to record your bathroom habits and accidents in a voiding diary.
If you receive an OAB diagnosis, your doctor will work with you on a personal treatment plan. Therapy typically begins with modifying behaviors (e.g., watching fluid intake), doing pelvic floor exercises and drugs.
1. Stewart, W.F., Rooyen, J.B.V., Cundiff, G.W., Abrams, P., Herzog, A.R., Corey, R., et al. (2003). Prevalence and burden of overactive bladder in the United States. World J Urol, 20, 327-336.